Sapolsky, Harvey M.: Science and the Navy
|Sapolsky, Harvey M.: Science and the Navy. The History of the Office of Naval Resarch|
Gebraucht, Guter Zustand,
Hardcover, 142 S.
Princeton University Press, 1990
Land: USA; Epoche: Gegenwart
Lieferzeit: 3-5 Tage
Science and the Navy
The History of the Office of Naval Research
HARVEY M. SAPOLSKY
Addressing all those interested in the history of American science and concerned with its future, a leading scholar of public policy explains how and why the Office of Naval Research became the first federal agency to support a wide range of scientific work in universities.
Harvey Sapolsky shows that the ONR functioned as a "surrogate national science foundation" between 1946 and 1950 and argues that its activities emerged not from any particularly enlightened position but largely from a bureaucratic accident.
Once involved with basic research, however, the ONR challenged a Navy skeptical of the value of independent scientific advice and established a national security rationale that gave American science its Golden Age.
Eventually, the ONR's autonomy was worn away in bureaucratic struggles, but Sapolsky demonstrates that its experience holds lessons for those who are committed to the effective management of science and interested in the ability of scientists to choose the directions for their research.
As military support for basic research fades, scientists are discovering that they are unprotected from the vagaries of distributive politics.
HARVEY M. SAPOLSKY is Professor of Public Policy and Organization at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Director of the MIT Defense and Arms Control Studies Program. Among his many works is The Polaris System Development: Bureaucratic and Programmatic Success in Government (Harvard).
Introduction - The Origins of the Office of Naval Research - The Office of National Research - The Office of No Return? ONR and the Issue of Relevance - Managing Naval Science - Science Advice for the Navy - Conclusion
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